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商务英语函电中标点符号的用法

时间:2007-12-24 16:15来源: 作者: 点击:
   商务英语函电中标点符号的用法

  1. 句号 Period [.]
 

  用以表示一个句子的结束:

  Hockey is a popular sport in Canada.

  The federal government is based in Ottawa.

  用在缩写中:

  B.C. is the province located on the West Coast.

  Dr. Bethune was a Canadian who worked in China.

  The company is located at 888 Bay St. in Toronto.

  It is 4:00 p.m. in Halifax right now.

        您有什么问题需要解决吗?请进入商务指南论坛共同交流<<< 

  2. 问号 Question Mark [?]

  在句子的结尾使用问号表示是直接疑问句:How many provinces are there in Canada?

  注意:在间接疑问句结尾不要加问号:

  The teacher asked the class a question.

  Do not ask me why.

  3. 叹号 Exclamation Mark [!]

  在句子的结尾使用叹号表示惊讶、兴奋等情绪:

  We won the Stanley Cup!

  The forest is on fire!

  4. 逗号 Comma [,]

  句子中的停顿:Therefore, we should write a letter to the prime minister.

  在疑问句中引出说话人:"I can come today," she said, "but not tomorrow."

  排列三个或以上的名词:Ontario, Quebec, and B.C. are the three biggest provinces.

  引出定语从句:Emily Carr, who was born in 1871, was a great painter.

  5. 单引号 Apostrophe [']

  表示所有:This is David's computer.

  These are the player's things. (things that belong to the player)

  Note: 对于复数形式的名词,只加'

  These are the players' things. (things that belong to the players)

  缩写I don't know how to fix it.

  6. 引号Quotation Marks ["]

  直接引出某人说的话:

  The prime minister said, "We will win the election."

  "I can come today," she said, "but not tomorrow."

  7. 冒号Colon [:]

  引出一系列名词:There are three positions in hockey: goalie, defence, and forward.

  引出一个较长的引语:The prime minister said: "We will fight. We will not give up. We will win the next election."

  8. 分号Semicolon [;]

  将两个相关的句子连接起来:The festival is very popular; people from all over the world visit each year.

  和逗号一同使用引出一系列名词:The three biggest cities in Canada are Toronto, Ontario; Montreal, Quebec; and Vancouver, B.C.

  9. 破折号Dash [-]

  在一个句子前作总结:Mild, wet, and cloudy - these are the characteristics of weather in Vancouver.

  在一个句子的前面或后面加入额外的注释:The children - Pierre, Laura, and Ashley - went to the store. Most Canadians - but not all - voted in the last election.

  表示某人在说话过程中被打断:The woman said, "I want to ask - " when the earthquake began to shake the room.

  10. 连字符Hyphen [-]

  连接两个单词:sweet-smelling;  fire-resistant

  将前缀:anti-Canadian;  non-contact

  在数字中使用:one-quarter;  twenty-three

 

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